This year three innovations across three decades nabbed the Queen Elizabeth Prize
The pioneers of the charge-coupled device (CCD); the pinned photodiode (PPD) and the complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) image sensor where shared the award back in February.
Together, this image sensor technology has transformed medical treatments, science, personal communication and entertainment – from Skype to selfies, computer games to feature-length movies
However, how do these image sensors work? This infographic explains!